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Vet Microbiol. 2000 Sep 25;76(2):185-92.

Orally administered attenuated Salmonella enteritidis reduces chicken cecal carriage of virulent Salmonella challenge organisms.

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Centro de Estudios Farmacológicos y Botánicos (CEFYBO-CONICET), Serrano 669 1414, Buenos Aires, Argentina.


Chickens were immunized orally with 10(9)cfu of the temperature-sensitive (T(s)) mutant E/1/3 of Salmonella enteritidis at 1, 2, 3 and 7 days of age. The animals were challenged with wild-type strains of Salmonella of different serotypes 7 or 14 days following immunization. Chickens receiving multiple oral doses of the vaccine strain showed no signs of disease. Immunized animals shed the vaccine strain for at least 2 weeks after the last inoculation; on the other hand, colonization by the attenuated mutant of internal organs such as spleen and liver was limited. Early exposure of the immunized animals to the virulent bacteria resulted in a reduced cecal colonization by the pathogen. Visceral invasion by the wild-type strain of S. enteritidis or S. gallinarum was drastically diminished in birds challenged 14 days after immunization. Significant differences in the number of these Salmonella were found in the cecal contents, spleen and liver of immunized birds compared with the control animals. In addition, cecal colonization by the virulent strain was reduced in birds challenged with S. typhimurium. These results demonstrate that immunization of newly hatched chickens with live attenuated T(s) mutant E/1/3 of S. enteritidis is safe and reduces Salmonella shedding.

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