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J Surg Res. 2000 Sep;93(1):82-7.

Inhibitory effect of TNP-470 on hepatic metastasis of mouse neuroblastoma.

Author information

1
Department of Surgery, Division of Pediatric Surgery, The Jikei University School of Medicine, 3-25-8, Nishi-shinbashi, Minato-ku, Tokyo, 105-8461, Japan.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

TNP-470 is a strong inhibitor of angiogenesis. The present study was designed to determine whether the angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470 inhibits metastasis of mouse neuroblastoma cells to the liver and thus increases survival.

METHODS:

A murine neuroblastoma cell line, C1300, and A/J mice were used in this study. First, to demonstrate the inhibitory effects of TNP-470 on angiogenesis, we quantified the area of angiogenesis on images made with SP-500 image analyzer (Olympus) 7 days after implanting a millipore chamber and compared the areas for the TNP-470-treated mice and control mice. Next, to determine the inhibitory effect of TNP-470 on metastasis of neuroblastoma cells to the liver, we made a murine hepatic metastasis model by implanting C1300 cells (1 x 10(6)) in the spleen of the mice and compared histologic findings, sizes, and weights of the livers of treated mice and control mice 14 days after the beginning of a 7-day infusion of TNP-470 (60 mg/kg). We also compared survival rates using the Kaplan-Meier method.

RESULTS:

When the angiogenesis inhibitor TNP-470 was infused into mice that received tumor cells, the area of angiogenesis in the TNP-470-treated mice was smaller than that in the control mice (52.5 +/- 6.3 SD vs 94.1 +/- 27.6 mm(2), P < 0.001). After the same treatment in other mice, no histologic evidence of metastasis was found, whereas control mice had countless tumor cell masses. Similarly, the weight of the liver was less in TNP-470-treated mice (0.8 +/- 0.1 g vs 4.5 +/- 0.3 g, P < 0.001). Survival was longer in the TNP-470-treated mice than in controls (80% of treated mice were alive more than 60 days after treatment, whereas all control mice died by Day 20).

CONCLUSION:

TNP-470 inhibits metastasis of mouse C1300 neuroblastoma cells to the liver, and thus increases survival. TNP-470 inhibits metastasis by inhibiting angiogenesis.

PMID:
10945947
DOI:
10.1006/jsre.2000.5956
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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