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DNA Cell Biol. 2000 Jul;19(7):447-57.

Loss control of Mcm5 interaction with chromatin in cdc6-1 mutated in CDC-NTP motif.

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  • 1Division of Hematology/Oncology, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, and University of Southern California, School of Medicine, 90027, USA.


Saccharomyces cerevisiae Cdc6 plays an essential role in establishing and maintaining the prereplicative complex (pre-RC) by interacting with the origin recognition complex (ORC) and associating with chromatin origins. These interactions are required to load minichromosome maintenance proteins (MCMs) and other initiator proteins onto replication origins. Although the temperature-sensitive cdc6 mutant, cdc6-1, has been widely used for these studies, the molecular mechanism of the cdc6-1 mutation has been unclear. In this study, we have identified a base substitution at Gly260-->Asp, near the CDC-NTP motif. Using a chromatin immunoprecipitation assay (CHIP), we found that cdc6-1 fails to load Mcm5 onto the replication origins. Chromatin fractions were used to study Mcm5 binding in both the wildtype and mutant background. These studies indicated that Cdc6 is also involved in unloading Mcm5 from chromatin. Specifically, the cdc6-1 mutation protein, cdc6(G260D), which failed to load Mcm5 onto replication origins, also failed to unload the Mcm5 protein. Furthermore, the overexpression of wildtype CDC6 accelerated the unloading of Mcm5 from chromatin fractions. In the absence of functional Cdc6, the Mcm5 protein showed nonorigin binding to chromatin with the cell cycle arrested at the G1S phase transition. Our results suggested that the cdc6(G260D) mutant protein fails to assemble an operational replicative complex and that wildtype Cdc6 plays a role in preventing re-replication by controlling the unloading the MCMs from chromatin origins.

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