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Biochem Biophys Res Commun. 2000 Aug 18;275(1):233-40.

Identification of PTE2, a human peroxisomal long-chain acyl-CoA thioesterase.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Baltimore, Maryland, 21205, USA.


Computer-based approaches identified PTE2 as a candidate human peroxisomal acyl-CoA thioesterase gene. The PTE2 gene product is highly similar to the rat cytosolic and mitochondrial thioesterases, CTE1 and MTE1, respectively, and terminates in a tripeptide sequence, serine-lysine-valine(COOH), that resembles the consensus sequence for type-1 peroxisomal targeting signals. PTE2 was targeted to peroxisomes and recombinant PTE2 showed intrinsic acyl-CoA thioesterase activity with a pH optimum of 8.5. A comparison of PTE2 and PTE1 thioesterase activities across multiple acyl-CoA substrates indicated that while PTE1 was most active on medium-chain acyl-CoAs, with little activity on long-chain acyl-CoAs, PTE2 displayed high activity on medium- and long-chain acyl-CoAs. The identification of PTE2 therefore offers an explanation for the observed long-chain acyl-CoA thioesterase activity of mammalian peroxisomes.

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