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Proc Natl Acad Sci U S A. 2000 Aug 29;97(18):10026-31.

Contact with fibrillar collagen inhibits melanoma cell proliferation by up-regulating p27KIP1.

Author information

1
Division of Hematology-Oncology, Department of Pediatrics, Childrens Hospital Los Angeles, California 90027, USA.

Abstract

It is known that the extracellular matrix regulates normal cell proliferation, and it is assumed that anchorage-independent malignant cells escape this regulatory function. Here we demonstrate that human M24met melanoma cells remain responsive to growth regulatory signals that result from contact with type I collagen and that the effect on proliferation depends on the physical structure of the collagen. On polymerized fibrillar collagen, M24met cells are growth arrested at the G(1)/S checkpoint and maintain high levels of p27(KIP1) mRNA and protein. In contrast, on nonfibrillar (denatured) collagen, the cells enter the cell cycle, and p27(KIP1) is down-regulated. These growth regulatory effects involve contact between type I collagen and the collagen-binding integrin alpha(2)beta(1), which appears restricted in the presence of fibrillar collagen. Thus melanoma cells remain sensitive to negative growth regulatory signals originating from fibrillar collagen, and the proteolytic degradation of fibrils is a mechanism allowing tumor cells to escape these restrictive signals.

PMID:
10944199
PMCID:
PMC27660
DOI:
10.1073/pnas.170290997
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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