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J Clin Oncol. 2000 Aug;18(16):2981-9.

Survival of patients with resected N2 non-small-cell lung cancer: evidence for a subclassification and implications.

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1
Departments of Medicine and Biostatistics, Institut Gustave Roussy, Villejuif, France. UIMMUNOC@igr.fr

Abstract

PURPOSE:

Patients who suffer from non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC) with ipsilateral mediastinal lymph node involvement (N2) belong to a heterogeneous subgroup of patients. We analyzed the prognosis of patients with resected N2 NSCLC to propose homogeneous patient subgroups.

PATIENTS AND METHODS:

The present study comprised 702 consecutive patients from six French centers who underwent surgical resection of N2 NSCLC. Initially, two groups of patients were defined: patients with clinical N2 (cN2) and those with minimal N2 (mN2) disease were patients in whom N2 disease was and was not detected preoperatively at computed tomographic scan, respectively.

RESULTS:

The median duration of follow-up was 52 months (range, 18 to 120 months). A multivariate analysis using Cox regression identified four negative prognostic factors, namely, cN2 status (P <. 0001), involvement of multiple lymph node levels (L2+; P <.0001), pT3 to T4 stage (P <.0001), and no preoperative chemotherapy (P <. 01). For patients treated with primary surgery, 5-year survival rates were as follows: mN2, one level involved (mN2L1, n = 244): 34%; mN2, multiple level involvement (mN2L2+, n = 78): 11%; cN2L1 (n = 118): 8%; and cN2L2+ (n = 122): 3%. When only patients with mN2L1 disease were considered, the site of lymph node involvement according to the American Thoracic Society numbering system had no prognostic significance (P =.14). Preoperative chemotherapy was associated with a better prognosis for those with cN2 (P <.0001). Five-year survival rates were 18% and 5% for cN2 patients treated with and without preoperative chemotherapy, respectively.

CONCLUSION:

This study has identified homogeneous N2 NSCLC prognostic subgroups and suggests different therapeutic approaches according to the subgroup profile.

PMID:
10944131
DOI:
10.1200/JCO.2000.18.16.2981
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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