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Clin Orthop Relat Res. 2000 Aug;(377):32-43.

A review of the treatment of hip dislocations associated with acetabular fractures.

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Department of Surgery, University of Alabama at Birmingham 35294-3295, USA.


Traumatic dislocation of the hip is an extremely severe injury. Although previously considered an uncommon lesion, it now is seen more often as a result of motor vehicle accidents. In most cases, dislocation of the hip is associated with fractures of the acetabulum, which ultimately can result in a higher incidence of complications than the complications observed in pure simple dislocations. Early recognition and prompt closed reduction of the dislocated hip constitute the cornerstone of proper treatment of this injury. Once the dislocation is reduced, definitive treatment of the acetabular fracture can be delayed to obtain a precise diagnostic evaluation. If surgical reconstruction of the acetabular fracture is indicated, it is done best in the first 10 days after the injury. A few patients in whom nonconcentric reduction, failed closed reduction, or impaired neurologic status occurs after reduction will require early open reduction and internal fixation of the fracture. Complications can be caused by the initial injury or by the treatment. Avascular necrosis of the femoral head, degenerative osteoarthritis, and heterotopic ossification are the main complications encountered in patients with unsatisfactory final results. Despite a perfect reduction of the hip dislocation and anatomic reduction of the acetabular fracture, a significant degenerative process of the hip is expected when the patient is assessed at long-term followup.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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