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Blood. 2000 Aug 15;96(4):1317-26.

Lentiviral vectors for efficient delivery of CD80 and granulocyte-macrophage- colony-stimulating factor in human acute lymphoblastic leukemia and acute myeloid leukemia cells to induce antileukemic immune responses.

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  • 1Institute for Genetic Medicine, University of Southern California Keck School of Medicine, USA.


Cell vaccines engineered to express immunomodulators have shown feasibility in eliminating leukemia in murine models. Vectors for efficient gene delivery to primary human leukemia cells are required to translate this approach to clinical trials. In this study, second-generation lentiviral vectors derived from human immunodeficiency virus 1 were evaluated, with the cytomegalovirus (CMV) promoter driving expression of granulocyte-macrophage-colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) and CD80 in separate vectors or in a bicistronic vector. The vectors were pseudotyped with vesicular stomatitis virus G glycoprotein and concentrated to high titers (10(8)-10(9) infective particles/mL). Human acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), acute myeloid leukemia (AML), and chronic myeloid leukemia cell lines transduced with the monocistronic pHR-CD80 vector or the bicistronic pHR-GM/CD vector became 75% to 95% CD80 positive (CD80(+)). More important, transduction of primary human ALL and AML blasts with high-titer lentiviral vectors was consistently successful (40%-95% CD80(+)). The average amount of GM-CSF secretion by the leukemia cell lines transduced with the pHR-GM-CSF monocistronic vector was 2182.9 pg/10(6) cells per 24 hours. Secretion was markedly lower with the bicistronic pHR-GM/CD vector (average, 225.7 pg/10(6) cells per 24 hours). Lower amounts of CMV-driven messenger RNA were detected with the bicistronic vector, which may account for its poor expression of GM-CSF. Primary ALL cells transduced to express CD80 stimulated T-cell proliferation in an autologous mixed lymphocyte reaction. This stimulation was specifically blocked with monoclonal antibodies reactive against CD80 or by recombinant cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4-immunoglobulin fusion protein. These results show the feasibility of efficiently transducing primary leukemia cells with lentiviral vectors to express immunomodulators to elicit antileukemic immune responses. (Blood. 2000;96:1317-1326)

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