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Eur J Immunol. 2000 Jul;30(7):1797-806.

CCR2+ and CCR5+ CD8+ T cells increase during viral infection and migrate to sites of infection.

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1
Institute of Medical Microbiology and Immunology, University of Copenhagen, Denmark.

Abstract

Chemokines and their receptors play a critical role in the selective recruitment of various leukocyte subsets. In this study, we correlated the expression of multiple chemokine and CC chemokine receptor (CCR) genes during the course of intracerebral (i.c.) infection with lymphocytic choriomeningitis virus (LCMV) and vesicular stomatitis virus (VSV), which are prototypic of a noncytopathic and a cytopathic virus, respectively. Infection of mice with either virus resulted in rapid activation and overlapping cerebral expression of a number of chemokine genes. Infection with VSV i.c. causes a rapidly lethal, T cell-independent encephalitis, and infection resulted in a dramatic early up-regulation of chemokine gene expression. Similar marked up-regulation of chemokine expression was not seen until late after LCMV infection and required the presence of activated T cells. Cerebral CCR gene expression was dominated by CCR1, CCR2 and CCR5. However, despite a stronger initial chemokine signal in VSV-infected mice, only LCMV-induced T cell-dependent inflammation was found to be associated with substantially increased expression of CCR genes. Virus-activated CD8+ T cells were found to express CCR2 and CCR5, whereas activated monocytes/macrophages expressed CCR1 in addition to CCR2 and CCR5. Together, these CCR profiles readily account for the CCR profile prominent during CD8+-dependent CNS inflammation.

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