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Exp Nephrol. 2000 Jul-Oct;8(4-5):244-51.

Virulence factors of Escherichia coli contribute to acute renal failure.

Author information

1
Department of Nephrology, Medical University, L├╝beck, Germany.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

The development of acute renal failure (ARF) significantly enhances the mortality of patients with Gram-negative septic shock. The role of specific bacterial virulence factors different from lipopolysaccharides (LPS) in the deterioration of renal function in septic shock remains to be determined.

METHODS:

An Escherichia coli wild-type strain (536/21 WT, O6:K15:H31) was isolated from a patient suffering from a urinary tract infection. The strain expresses various virulence factors (e.g. hemolysin, fimbriae) genetically encoded by pathogenicity islands. The spontaneous deletion mutant 536/21 Del lacks the expression of these virulence factors. Isolated rat kidneys were perfused with a suspension (5 x 10(4)/ml) of the respective strain or control perfusion medium and the renal functional parameters were analyzed. Intrarenal deposition of E. coli was detected by immunohistology and Gram staining.

RESULTS:

The perfusion of the isolated perfused rat kidney with a uropathogenic E. coli wild-type strain (536/21 WT) caused an acute deterioration of renal function which was not observed in kidneys exposed to a deletion mutant of E. coli 536/21 lacking the expression of virulence factors. The glomerular filtration rate and the urine flow rate significantly decreased only in kidneys perfused with the E. coli wild-type strain, while there was no change versus controls in kidneys perfused with the deletion mutant.

CONCLUSIONS:

Distinctive bacterial virulence factors different from LPS such as hemolysin and the presence of different fimbriae may contribute to the development of ARF in sepsis induced by E. coli. Anti-LPS strategies may not be sufficient to reduce the risk of ARF in Gram-negative septic shock.

PMID:
10940723
DOI:
10.1159/000020675
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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