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Cancer Lett. 2000 Sep 29;158(1):17-25.

High mobility group 1 and 2 proteins bind preferentially to DNA that contains bulky adducts induced by benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide and N-acetoxy-acetylaminofluorene.

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Department of Experimental and Clinical Radiobiology, Center of Oncology, Wybrzeze AK 15, 44-100, Gliwice, Poland.


High mobility group (HMG) proteins 1 and 2 are abundant non-histone chromosomal proteins that bind preferentially DNA that is bent or underwound. Previous studies have shown that these proteins preferentially bind to DNA damaged by the crosslinking agents cis-diammine-dichloro-platinum(II), chromium(III) and UV-C radiation. Here we have studied the binding of HMG-1/2 proteins to a duplex oligonucleotide damaged by benzo(a)pyrene diol epoxide or N-acetoxy-acetylaminofluorene using an electrophoretic mobility shift assay. Both chemicals induce monoadducts that are known to distort DNA structure. The affinities of HMG-1/2 for DNA damaged by benzo[a]pyrene diol epoxide or N-acetoxy-acetylaminofluorene were similar to that for UV-irradiated DNA, which were an order of magnitude higher than for undamaged DNA. In contrast, DNA modified by dimethyl sulfate was not preferentially recognised by HMG-1/2.

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