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J Clin Immunol. 2000 Jul;20(4):306-16.

Mycobacterium tuberculosis-secreted protein antigens: immunogenicity in baboons.

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Department of Biology, Georgia State University, Atlanta 30303, USA.


The effective control of tuberculosis (TB) requires the development of improved vaccines. It is now well established that Mycobacterium tuberculosis-secreted antigens represent promising candidates to be included in subunit vaccine preparations. It also is accepted that studies in nonhuman primate models will be required to further develop these vaccine preparations. As a necessary step in this direction, we have assessed the immunogenicity of M. tuberculosis-secreted antigens in baboons. Animals received a total of three intramuscular injections consisting of M. tuberculosis culture filtrate proteins resuspended in an adjuvant formulation (MPL-SE) and were tested for development of specific antibody and cellular responses. All animals produced antibody and cellular proliferative responses in the absence of detectable delayed-type hypersensitivity reactions. Production of gamma-interferon following stimulation of peripheral blood lymphocytes with culture filtrate proteins was either absent or present at low levels. Results from this study show that, although M. tuberculosis-secreted protein antigens are relatively safe and immunogenic in baboons, alternative immunization approaches must be identified for the induction of T-helper type 1 responses.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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