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Optom Vis Sci. 2000 Jul;77(7):347-56.

Optical coherence tomography: an introduction to the technique and its use.

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School of Optometry, University of Waterloo, Ontario, Canada.


This report describes the new optical imaging technique of optical coherence tomography (OCT). OCT is capable of high-resolution, micrometer-scale, cross-sectional imaging of biological tissue. The OCT for ophthalmic application uses 843-nm, near-infrared light, which produces a longitudinal resolution of 10 to 20 microm and a penetration depth of a few millimeters. The scans are displayed in a false color representation scale on which warm colors represent areas of high optical reflectivity and cool colors represent areas of minimal or no reflectivity. A cross-sectional view similar to a histology section is obtained. The cornea, iris, and lens may be visualized as well as the retina and optic nerve. OCT has been used to investigate several ocular diseases. These include macular disease, genetic retinal disease, retinal detachment and retinoschisis, choroidal tumors, optic nerve disorders, and glaucoma.

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