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Redox Rep. 2000;5(2-3):105-7.

Induction of indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase in primary human macrophages by HIV-1.

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School of Physiology and Pharmacology, Faculty of Medicine, University of New South Wales, Sydney, Australia.


Increased kynurenine pathway metabolism has been implicated in the aetiology of the AIDS dementia complex (ADC). The rate limiting enzyme for this pathway is indoleamine 2,3-dioxygenase (IDO). We tested the efficacy of different strains of HIV-1 (HIV1-BaL, HIV1-JRFL and HIV1-631) to induce IDO in cultured human monocyte-derived macrophages (MDM). A significant increase in both IDO protein and kynurenine synthesis was observed after 48 h in MDM infected with the brain derived HIV-1 isolates, laboratory adapted (LA) HIV1-JRFL, and primary isolate HIV1-631. In contrast, almost no kynurenine production or IDO protein was evident in MDM infected with the high replicating macrophage tropic LA strain, HIV1-BaL. The induction of IDO and kynurenine synthesis by HIV1-JRFL and HIV1-631 declined to baseline levels by day-8 post-infection. Together, these results indicate that only selected strains of HIV-1 are capable of inducing IDO synthesis and subsequent oxidative tryptophan catabolism in MDM.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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