Send to

Choose Destination
Z Arztl Fortbild Qualitatssich. 2000 Jun;94(5):341-9.

[Guidelines Clearing House Statement "Hypertension". Summary and recommendations for a rational hypertension guideline in Germany].

[Article in German]



In order to promote quality of hypertension management in Germany, a national hypertension guidelines clearing project was initiated in 1999 by the German Guidelines Clearinghouse.


To identify and review published German- and English language hypertension guidelines. To establish criteria for future guideline development and implementation. To familiarize stakeholders in Germany with state-of-the-art hypertension guidelines. To identify key topics for a future national evidence-based guideline.


Search procedure, formal appraisal: Systematic search using literature databases and English-/German-language databases, published between 1990 and 1999. Abstract screening of the search results according to the inclusion criteria (n = 132 of a total of 548 hits). Systematic guideline evaluation using checklist with predefined criteria. APPRAISAL OF GUIDELINES' CONTENTS: Peer review of guidelines with the following inclusion criteria: hypertension--general, German and English language, published later than 1994, original or primary guideline or update, issued for nationwide use. Peer review was performed by a multidisciplinary focus group of EBM experts (primary and secondary care physicians, clinical pharmacologist, clinical epidemiologist). None of these was involved in hypertension guideline development during the review period. DOCUMENTATION OF CRITICAL APPRAISAL RESULTS: Systematic documentation of methodological appraisal and peer review results using a structured abstract form. The focus group wrote a final report (clearing report) including methodological abstracts for each guideline, essential topics for a future German hypertension guideline based on examples from the appraised guidelines, comments and recommendations for health care policy markers in Germany.


11 out of 132 guidelines were in accordance with the formal minimal standard with a wide range range within the following domains: "description of the development process", "declaration of authors' independence", "explicit link between recommendations and the supporting evidence", "management options", "tools for implementation". None of the guidelines identified all the key identified by the focus group, such as: (1) definition of hypertension--epidemiology--health care problems--intended guideline users/goals, (2) blood pressure measurement, (3) medical history and physical examination, (4) case-finding/screening, (5) indications for referral, (6) risk-stratification, (7) diagnostic procedures, (8) therapeutic goals/indications for therapy, (9) nonpharmacological measures, (10), pharmacotherapy, (11) follow-up/patient education/motivation/compliance, (12) comorbidity, hypertension in childhood/elderly, pregnancy, (13) primary prevention, (14) quality assurance/quality management, (15) dissemination/implementation, (16) open questions/challenges for the future.


To improve the quality of hypertension management in Germany, the expert panel suggested to develop a national evidence-based guideline. This should follow internationally agreed criteria and procedures. The experts identified and reviewed 11 out of 132 hypertension, which might make useful contributions for a future German Hypertension guideline. The expert group identified 16 key topics for a national hypertension guideline.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center