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Int J Oncol. 2000 Sep;17(3):513-7.

CDDP induces p53-dependent apoptosis in tongue cancer cells.

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Department of Otorhinolaryngology, NARA Medical University, Kashihara, Nara, Japan.


We have investigated the CDDP sensitivities of two tongue cancer cell lines with differing p53 genetic status, one with wild-type p53 (SAS) and the other with mutant-type p53 (HSC-4). SAS was about 2 times more sensitive at the D10 dose and demonstrated increased p53 and Bax protein levels at 10 h after CDDP treatment on Western blot analysis. On the other hand, overexpression of p53 in HSC-4 was observed without CDDP treatment and no elevation of Bax could be detected. Apoptosis was observed after CDDP treatment in SAS but not in HSC-4 by Hoechst 33342-staining and electrophoresis methods. These findings indicate that p53 plays an important role in apoptosis as a positive regulator of Bax expression. It is suggested that p53 status may have predictive potential with regard to response to CDDP therapy.

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