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Vet Parasitol. 2000 Sep 10;92(1):25-35.

Effects of the depletion of CD8(+) T cells and monocytes on the proliferative responses of peripheral blood leucocytes from Trypanosoma evansi-infected sheep.

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Centre for Tropical Veterinary Medicine, University of Edinburgh, Scotland, Edinburgh, UK.


Sheep peripheral blood mononuclear cells and those depleted of CD8(+) T cells and/or monocytes were stimulated with polyclonal mitogens and specific antigens, and analysed by means of cell proliferation assay procedure to examine whether these cell populations are involved in Trypanosoma evansi-induced immunosuppression. The removal of CD8(+) T cells failed to normalize the proliferative responses of peripheral blood mononuclear cells from infected sheep to concanavalin A stimulation while the depletion of monocytes resulted in full and enhanced response, showing that macrophages are mainly responsible for the suppression. Although the depletion of CD8(+) T cells, monocytes or both restored the responses of the cells to lipopolysaccharide stimulation, the responsiveness of the undepleted cells to this mitogen was significantly higher from day 24 post infection (p<0.01). The results were discussed in relation to current known mechanisms of depressed lymphocyte proliferation in tsetse-transmitted African trypanosome infections.

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