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Virology. 2000 Aug 15;274(1):232-9.

Interaction between HSP70 homolog and filamentous virions of the Beet yellows virus.

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Department of Botany and Plant Pathology, Oregon State University, Corvallis, Oregon 97331, USA.


An HSP70 homolog (HSP70h), encoded by the Closterovirus Beet yellows virus (BYV), functions in viral movement from cell to cell. A previous study revealed that in infected cells, HSP70h colocalizes with the masses of BYV filamentous virions. Here we demonstrate that HSP70h forms a physical complex with BYV virions. This conclusion is based on both the comigration of HSP70h with BYV virions in sucrose density gradients and the coimmunoprecipitation of the HSP70h and BYV capsid protein using anti-HSP70h serum. The HSP70h-virion complex is stable at high concentrations of sodium chloride; its dissociation using sodium dodecyl sulfate, lithium chloride, or alkaline pH was accompanied by virion disassembly. However, the complex formation does not involve covalent bonds between HSP70h and virion components. Each BYV virion contains approximately 10 molecules of HSP70h. The possible role of HSP70h interaction with the virions in cell-to-cell movement of BYV is discussed.

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