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Nat Cell Biol. 2000 Aug;2(8):515-20.

Fringe differentially modulates Jagged1 and Delta1 signalling through Notch1 and Notch2.

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Department of Biological Chemistry, UCLA School of Medicine, Los Angeles, California 90095-1737, USA.


Proteins encoded by the fringe family of genes are required to modulate Notch signalling in a wide range of developmental contexts. Using a cell co-culture assay, we find that mammalian Lunatic fringe (Lfng) inhibits Jagged1-mediated signalling and potentiates Delta1-mediated signalling through Notch1. Lfng localizes to the Golgi, and Lfng-dependent modulation of Notch signalling requires both expression of Lfng in the Notch-responsive cell and the Notch extracellular domain. Lfng does not prevent binding of soluble Jagged1 or Delta1 to Notch1-expressing cells. Lfng potentiates both Jagged1- and Delta1-mediated signalling via Notch2, in contrast to its actions with Notch1. Our data suggest that Fringe-dependent differential modulation of the interaction of Delta/Serrate/Lag2 (DSL) ligands with their Notch receptors is likely to have a significant role in the combinatorial repertoire of Notch signalling in mammals.

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