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J Neurobiol. 2000 Aug;44(2):246-59.

The multiple decisions made by growth cones of RGCs as they navigate from the retina to the tectum in Xenopus embryos.

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Department of Anatomy, University of Cambridge, Downing Street, Cambridge, United Kingdom, CB2 3DY.


Retinal ganglion cells (RGCs) of Xenopus laevis send axons along a stereospecific pathway from the retina to their target the optic tectum. Viewed from the point of the growth cone, this journey is reflected by discrete processes of axon initiation, axon outgrowth, navigation, target recognition, and innervation. These processes are characterised by distinct signalling mechanisms that trigger dynamic changes in growth cone morphology and behavior. Here we review work primarily from our laboratory, examining these events from a cellular and molecular perspective, focusing on the roles of FGFs, netrins, receptors, and intracellular effectors.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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