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Arch Biochem Biophys. 2000 Aug 15;380(2):347-52.

Stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) is associated with enhancement of Glut1-mediated glucose transport.

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Departments of Medicine, Case Western Reserve University, Cleveland, Ohio 44106-4951, USA.


In cells expressing only the Glut1 isoform of glucose transporters, we have shown that glucose transport is markedly stimulated in response to hypoxia or inhibition of oxidative phosphorylation, conditions that would be expected to cause a stimulation of AMP-activated protein kinase (AMPK) activity. In the present study we tested the hypothesis that the stimulation of AMPK activity might be accompanied by an enhancement of Glut1-mediated glucose transport. Exposure of Clone 9 cells, 3T3-L1 preadipocytes, and C(2)C(12) myoblasts (cells that express only the Glut1 isoform) to 5-aminoimidazole-4-carboxamideribonucleoside (AICAR), an adenosine analog that stimulates AMPK activity, resulted in a marked increase in the rate of glucose transport (ranging from four- to sixfold) that was accompanied by activation of AMPK. This stimulation of AMPK activity was associated with an increase in the phosphorylation of threonine 172 on the activation loop of its alpha subunit, with the predominant change being in the alpha-2 isoform. Exposure of Clone 9 cells to 5-iodotubercidin, an inhibitor of adenosine kinase, abolished the accumulation of AICAR-5'-monophosphate (ZMP), stimulation of AMPK, and the enhancement of glucose transport in response to AICAR. There was no significant increase in the content of Glut1 in plasma membranes of Clone 9 cells exposed to AICAR. We conclude that stimulation of AMPK activity is associated with enhancement of Glut1-mediated glucose transport, and that the glucose transport response is mediated by activation of Glut1 transporters preexisting in the plasma membrane.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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