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Clin Exp Immunol. 2000 Aug;121(2):187-92.

Soluble CD30 is more relevant to disease activity of atopic dermatitis than soluble CD26.

Author information

1
Department of Dermatology, Kyoto Prefectural University of Medicine, Kyoto, and Mitsubishi Kagaku Bio-Clinical Laboratories, Inc., Tokyo, Japan. nkatoh@derm.kpu-m.ac.jp

Abstract

It is suggested that CD30 and CD26 are surface molecules expressed on activated Th2 and Th1 cells, respectively. We examined plasma levels of soluble CD26 (sCD26) and sCD30 in patients with atopic dermatitis (AD) when their eruptions were aggravated and in non-atopic healthy controls, and then analysed the possible correlation between these values and the levels of several clinical markers. The plasma levels of both sCD30 and sCD26 were significantly higher in AD patients than in controls, both in exacerbation status and after conventional treatment. Multiple regression analyses showed that plasma sCD30 was a much better predictor of the levels of serum IgE, serum LDH and plasma sCD25, and the area and the score of AD eruption than sCD26, although elevated levels of both sCD30 and sCD26 are associated with these clinical predictors of AD. Importantly, sCD30 plasma levels decreased significantly in AD patients after conventional treatment, while no significant transition was noted in the concentration of sCD26. Moreover, a significant reduction of sCD30 levels was observed in the group of patients whose eruption score was reduced > 50%, whereas it was not in those < 50%. These findings provide evidence that the successful treatment of AD is associated with down-activation of Th2.

PMID:
10931130
PMCID:
PMC1905715
DOI:
10.1046/j.1365-2249.2000.01286.x
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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