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FEMS Microbiol Lett. 2000 Aug 15;189(2):285-91.

Partial characterization of a genomic island associated with the multidrug resistance region of Salmonella enterica Typhymurium DT104.

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Bureau of Microbiology, Laboratory Centre for Disease Control, Health Canada, 1015 Arlington St., Winnipeg, Manitoba, Canada R3E 3R2


This study describes the identification of the insertion site and partial characterization of a 43-kb region harboring the genes associated with the penta-resistant phenotype of a Canadian isolate of Salmonella enterica Typhymurium DT104 labelled 96-5227. The 43-kb fragment, here referred to as Salmonella genomic island I (SgiI), was found in the genome of S. enterica Typhymurium between the thdf and a prophage CP-4-like integrase (int2) gene and is flanked by an imperfect 18-bp direct repeat. A region downstream of sulI in the right end of SgiI contained four open reading frames which includes an IS6100 element, and a 2-kb region from the left end contained two open reading frames which showed homology to an integrase and an excisionase. Furthermore, a 1.9-kb retron sequence located between int2 and yidY was identified which may be unique to the S. enterica Typhymurium genome. The int-retron sequence is flanked by a 27-bp imperfect direct repeat.

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