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Biochem Pharmacol. 2000 Sep 15;60(6):831-7.

BCRP/MXR/ABCP expression in topotecan-resistant human breast carcinoma cells.

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Department of Oncology, National Taiwan University Hospital and the Graduate Institute of Medicine, Medical College, National Taiwan University, Taipei.


We have previously described a mitoxantrone-resistant MCF7 cell line that is cross-resistant to topotecan, 7-ethyl-10-[4-(1-piperidino)-1-piperidino]carbonyloxy-camptothecin (CPT-11), and 9-aminocamptothecin, but not to camptothecin. A novel mechanism that resulted in decreased topotecan accumulation in MCF7/MX cells was proposed (Yang et al. Cancer Res 55: 4004-4009, 1995). We now have developed a topotecan-resistant cancer cell line from wild-type MCF7 cells. MCF7/TPT300 cells were 68.9-fold resistant to topotecan, 68.3-fold to 10-hydroxy-7-ethylcamptothecin (SN-38), and 116-fold to mitoxantrone, but only 4.1-fold to camptothecin. Topotecan efflux was increased in MCF7/TPT300 cells compared with MCF7/WT cells, and this increase was reversed upon ATP depletion by sodium azide, suggesting an energy-dependent drug efflux mechanism. However, MCF7/TPT300 cells did not overexpress P-glycoprotein or the multidrug resistance-associated protein (MRP1). In contrast, overexpression of the breast cancer resistance protein (BCRP/MXR/ABCP) was observed in MCF7/TPT300 cells as well as DNA topoisomerase I down-regulation. Our data suggest that enhanced topotecan efflux contributes partly to topotecan resistance in MCF7/TPT300 cells, possibly mediated by BCRP/MXR/ABCP.

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