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Clin Chem Lab Med. 2000 Apr;38(4):363-70.

Use of ion-selective electrodes for blood-electrolyte analysis. Recommendations for nomenclature, definitions and conventions. International Federation of Clinical Chemistry and Laboratory Medicine (IFCC). Scientific Division Working Group on Selective Electrodes.

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Department of Pathology, Hartford Hospital, CT, USA.


This paper will familiarize the reader with the terms used to describe the behavior of ion-selective electrodes, particularly in relation to their use in clinical chemistry for determination of blood electrolyte cations. It serves as an introduction to a series of papers dealing with important cations in blood, namely calcium, sodium, and potassium. The detailed relationships between the ion activity determined by means of ion-selective electrode potentiometry in undiluted specimens, and the total substance concentration measured by flame atomic-emission spectrometry are described by flow chart and equations. Adoption of a convention for reporting results is recommended. The Working Group on Selective Electrodes has taken into account recent revisions of IUPAC recommendations on nomenclature and selectivity coefficient determinations for ion-selective electrodes, and benefited from the experience of a member of the WG, who was also involved in the IUPAC discussions. Nomenclature for determined quantities follows previous IUPAC/IFCC joint recommendations.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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