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Anticancer Res. 2000 May-Jun;20(3A):1743-9.

Overexpression of NM23-1 enhances responsiveness of IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cells to differentiation stimuli.

Author information

1
SibTech, Inc., Newington, CT 06111, USA. mbacker@sibtech.com

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Aggressiveness of neuroblastoma is associated with increased expression of the putative metastasis suppressor genes, nm23-1 and nm23-2. These genes encode nucleoside diphosphate kinases A and B that form free or bound homo- and heteromers, which are distributed between soluble and particulate fractions of cells and display catalytic and non-catalytic activities.

MATERIALS AND METHODS:

In order to establish which forms and activities of nm23 proteins are operative in neuroblastoma we stably transfected IMR-32 human neuroblastoma cells with constructs encoding wild type and catalytically inactive nm23-1 and nm23-2 proteins.

RESULTS:

Overexpression of wild type nm23-1 proteins stimulated spontaneous neurite outgrowth and enhanced differentiation in response to serum starvation and retinoic acid. In contrast, overexpression of the catalytically inactive nm23-1T mutant enhanced TPA-mediated inhibition of differentiation.

CONCLUSION:

Our findings suggest that differentiation associated functions of nm23 proteins in IMR-32 neuroblastoma cells are carried out by bound nm23-1 proteins docked in a limited number of nm23-1 specific sites.

PMID:
10928103
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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