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Arch Fam Med. 2000 Aug;9(8):738-42.

Management of nasal fractures.

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Department of Otolaryngology-Head and Neck Surgery, University of California, Davis, Sacramento Medical Center, 95817, USA.


The nasal bones are the most commonly fractured bones in the body. Accurate diagnosis and appropriate surgical intervention are key in the management of nasal fractures. While these injuries are not life-threatening, mismanagement of nasal fractures can lead to both aesthetic and functional deformities. A thorough history and careful physical examination are adequate for the diagnosis of nasal fractures. Literature in the field does not support the use of x-ray films to aid in the diagnosis. The majority of injuries are seen after significant edema becomes present and cannot be accurately reduced at that time. Therefore, with the exception of grossly displaced fractures, open fractures, and septal hematomas, most nasal fractures should be definitively treated after 3 to 10 days once swelling has resolved. This article will review pertinent nasal anatomic structure, pathophysiological characteristics of nasal fractures, diagnostic techniques, treatment modalities, and common controversies associated with nasal fractures.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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