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Gynecol Oncol. 2000 Aug;78(2):171-5.

Optimal cytoreductive surgery is an independent prognostic indicator in stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer with hepatic metastases.

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  • 1Northern Gynaecological Oncology Centre, Queen Elizabeth Hospital, Gateshead NE9 6SX, United Kingdom.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

The aim of this study was to determine the value of optimal cytoreduction in stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer.

METHODS:

A retrospective review was performed of 37 women with stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer treated by radical surgery.

RESULTS:

Optimal surgery to less than 2 cm tumor deposits was performed in 16 of the 37 cases (43%) and tumor debulking to less than 1 cm tumor deposits in 6 cases (16.2%). Twenty-three cases (62%) were designated stage IV because of the presence of liver metastases alone. Although no patients died within 2 weeks of surgery, 7 of the 37 cases (22%) failed to survive more than 50 days after primary surgery. The overall median survival was 11 months with overall 2- and 5-year survivals of 23 and 9%, respectively. On multivariate analysis comparing age, histological type, tumor grade, place of surgery, secondary surgical procedure, performance of bowel surgery, presence of liver metastases, and optimal cytoreduction, only optimal surgery and residual tumor deposits of less than 2 cm, or less than 1 cm, remained highly significant (P = 0.0029 and 0.0086, respectively). Even when assessing only the 27 cases who were designated as having stage IV disease because of the presence of liver metastases, by multivariate analysis, only optimal surgery and residual tumor deposits of less than 2 cm, or less than 1 cm, remained significant (P = 0.023 and 0.036, respectively). Site of metastases designating stage IV status was not associated with a reduced likelihood of achieving optimal debulking (P = 0.18).

CONCLUSION:

Optimal cytoreduction in women with stage IV epithelial ovarian cancer with or without hepatic metastases is associated with a more favorable outcome survival.

PMID:
10926798
DOI:
10.1006/gyno.2000.5841
[PubMed - indexed for MEDLINE]
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