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Arch Dermatol. 2000 Aug;136(8):1024-32.

gamma delta T-cell lymphoma of the skin: a clinical, microscopic, and molecular study.

Author information

1
Dermatology Branch, National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health, Bethesda, MD 20892-1908, USA. torojo@exchange.nih.gov

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Only a few cases of primary gamma delta cutaneous T-cell lymphoma (CTCL) have been reported. We encountered 3 cases of this rare condition.

OBJECTIVES:

To characterize gamma delta CTCL by clinical, microscopic, and molecular methods and to investigate the role of Epstein-Barr virus (EBV) infection in its pathogenesis.

DESIGN:

Patients were evaluated by clinical examination, and biopsy specimens of lesional skin were examined by light microscopy and immunohistochemistry. Polymerase chain reaction amplification for T-cell receptor gamma gene rearrangements and in situ hybridization for EBV were performed on 3 biopsy specimens.

SETTING:

National Institutes of Health, a tertiary referral center.

PATIENTS:

Individuals with a clinical and histologic diagnosis of primary gamma delta CTCL.

OUTCOME MEASURES:

Clinical, light microscopic, and immunohistochemical features, and the presence of T-cell rearrangement and EBV RNA in biopsy specimens.

RESULTS:

Patients exhibited multiple plaques, tumors, and/or subcutaneous nodules primarily distributed over the extremities. Individuals exhibited an aggressive clinical course with resistance to multiagent chemotherapy and radiation. Microscopic examination revealed epidermotropism in 2 cases, a dermal infiltrate in all 3 cases, and subcutaneous involvement in 1 case. Immunohistochemical studies showed the presence of CD3(+)TCR delta(+) in 3 patients, CD8(+)in 1, and CD4(+), CD20(+), CD56(+), and beta F1(+) in none. All 3 cases exhibited an activated cytotoxic T-cell phenotype positive for T-cell intracellular antigen 1, perforin, and granzyme B. A clonal T-cell receptor gamma chain gene rearrangement was detected in all 3 cases by polymerase chain reaction. In situ hybridization was negative for EBV sequences in all 3 cases.

CONCLUSION:

gamma delta Cutaneous T-cell lymphomas are EBV-negative lymphomas that express a mature cytotoxic phenotype and have an aggressive clinical behavior. Arch Dermatol. 2000;136:1024-1032

PMID:
10926739
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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