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Int J Cancer. 2000 Sep 1;87(5):654-8.

Alterations and hypermethylation of the p14(ARF) gene in gastric cancer.

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Second Department of Surgery, Tokyo Medical and Dental University School of Medicine, Tokyo, Japan.


p14(ARF), generated through an alternative splicing process that replaces the first exon, 1alpha, of p16(INK4a) with exon 1beta, located >15 kb upstream of exon 1alpha, has been shown to function as a growth suppressor. We examined 11 gastric cancer cell lines for mRNA expression, homozygous deletion, mutation, and promoter methylation of the p14(ARF) gene. No mRNA expression was detected in 5 of the 7 diffuse-type cell lines. All intestinal cell lines displayed normal levels of expression except for one with a low level of expression. Of the 5 cell lines without expression, 3 (MKN45, NUGC-2, and NUGC-4) and 1 (KATO III) displayed homozygous deletion and methylation of the p14(ARF) gene, respectively. No mutation was found in the whole coding region of the p14(ARF) gene in 8 cell lines without homozygous deletion. Our results indicate that the p14(ARF) gene is more frequently inactivated by homozygous deletion or methylation in diffuse-type gastric cancer cell lines (5/7, 71.4%) than in intestinal ones (0/4, P = 0.022). When we also analyzed 62 primary gastric cancers for the methylation status of the p14(ARF) promoter region, the methylation frequency tended to be higher in diffuse-type gastric cancers (15/33, 45.5%) than in intestinal ones (7/28, 25%). Thus, p14(ARF) alterations might be involved in diffuse-type gastric carcinogenesis.

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