Send to

Choose Destination
Diabetes. 2000 Aug;49(8):1353-8.

Involvement of protein kinase C in human skeletal muscle insulin resistance and obesity.

Author information

Department of Biochemistry, School of Medicine, East Carolina University, Greenville, North Carolina 27858, USA.


This study was conducted to investigate the possible involvement of protein kinase C (PKC) and serine/threonine phosphorylation of the insulin receptor in insulin resistance and/or obesity. Insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity was depressed in muscle from obese insulin-resistant patients compared with lean insulin-responsive control subjects. Alkaline phosphatase treatment resulted in a significant 48% increase in in vitro insulin-stimulated receptor tyrosine kinase activity in obese but not lean muscle. To investigate the involvement of PKC in skeletal muscle insulin resistance and/or obesity, membrane-associated PKC activity and the protein content of various PKC isoforms were measured in human skeletal muscle from lean, insulin-responsive, and obese insulin-resistant patients. Membrane-associated PKC activity was not changed; however, PKC-beta protein content, assayed by Western blot analysis, was significantly higher, whereas PKC-theta, -eta, and -mu were significantly lower in muscle from obese patients compared with muscle from lean control subjects. Incubation of muscle strips with insulin significantly increased membrane-associated PKC activity in muscle from obese but not lean subjects. PKC-delta, -beta, and -theta were translocated from the cytosol to the membrane fraction in response to insulin treatment. These results suggest that in skeletal muscle from insulin-resistant obese patients, insulin receptor tyrosine kinase activity was reduced because of hyperphosphorylation on serine/threonine residues. Membrane-associated PKC-beta protein was elevated under basal conditions, and membrane-associated total PKC activity was increased under insulin-stimulated conditions in muscle from obese insulin-resistant patients. Thus, we postulate that the decreased tyrosine kinase activity of the insulin receptor may be caused by serine/threonine phosphorylation by PKC.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire
Loading ...
Support Center