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Biochemistry. 1975 Apr 22;14(8):1713-8.

Some characteristics of and structural requirements for the interaction of 24,25-dihydrofusidic acid with ribosome - elongation factor g Complexes.


Fusidic acid inhibits polypeptide chain elongation by binding to the ribosome - elongation factor-G - GDP complex and thereby preventing its dissociation. The experiments reported here quantitate the interaction of the antibiotic [3H]-24,25-dihydrofusidic acid, an active analog of fusidic acid, with the ribosome - elongation factor-G - GDP comples. All components of the complex are essential for [3H]-24,25-dihydrofusidic acid binding. The stoichiometry of the interaction is ca. 1:1, and the Ka apparent, as determined by equilibrium dialysis, is 2.6 times 10-6 M-minus 1. It is further shown that GTP and GDP are equally effective in forming complexes to which the antibiotic may bind, whereas GMP and beta,gamma-methyleneguanosine triphosphate will not form complexes to which the antibiotic may bind. In order to examine the structural basis of the mode of antibiotic action shown by fusidic acid, we have considered two activities of 21 structural analogs of this antibiotic: ability to bind to the aforementioned ternary complex and ability to stabilize this complex. The comparative binding capability of the analogs were extablished through competition experiments with [3H]-24,25-dihydrofusidic acid. The data obtained from these experiments can be summarized as follows. (1) The C17-20 double bond of fusidic acid appears to be critical for both binding and complex stabilization activities. (2) A carboxyl group in the vicinity of the C20 carbon is also essential for both activities. (3) Modifications of other functional groups in the molecule can lead to significantly decreased stabilization of the ternary ribosome complex and/or ability to compete with [3H]-24,25-dihydrofusidic acid for binding to the complex, but do not demonstrate absolute structural requirements for either activity.

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