Send to

Choose Destination
Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 May-Jun;50(3):482-91.

[The role of muscarinic cholinoreceptors in the retrieval of the instrumental food conditioned reflex in cats].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.


It was demonstrated in cat experiments that impairment of the retrieval of appetitive instrumental conditioning observed after systemic administration of antagonists of muscarinic central cholinoreceptors scopolamine (a nonselective M1 antagonist) and trihexyphenidyl (relatively selective M1 antagonist) could be connected with central and peripheral side effects of these antagonists. It was established that in case of the absence of side effects (low doses of trihexyphenidyl, 1 mg/kg) the blockade of M1-cholinoreceptors led either to selective fall-off of the motor instrumental reaction with in the presence of contextual behavior and other conditioned reactions or the appearance of errors that seemingly was indicative of the disturbance of triggering and realization of the motor program as the most important component of conditioning performance. The systemic injection of trihexyphenidyl (10 mg/kg), scopolamine (0.03 and 0.06 mg/kg) and nonselective peripheral antagonist methylscopolamine (0.03 mg/kg) led to changes in the general functional state (disorders in the emotional and motivational sphere), the expression of which depended on the individual sensitivity to anticholinergic drugs. The disturbance of CR retrieval observed in parallel with side reactions was characterized by a complete cessation of conditioning and apparently was not associated with memory deterioration.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center