Send to

Choose Destination
Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 May-Jun;50(3):473-81.

[Effect of sodium nitrite on the activity of the neocortex neurons during realization of defense and inhibition conditioned reflexes].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.


A decrease in intensity and duration of short-latency reaction components of the sensorimotor and visual cortical neurons to specific stimuli (pain reinforcement and light flashes, respectively) was observed after the administration of NO-generating sodium nitrite (11 mg/kg, subcutaneously). Activation decrease in the visual cortex took place irrespective of biological significance of the light flashes, i.e., in case when this stimulus was a signal of defensive conditioning and in case when these flashes were applied with continuous light (a conditioned inhibitor). Sodium nitrite almost did not change the late activation of sensorimotor and visual neurons in response to pain reinforcement and disinhibitory action of the latter. The results confirm the viewpoint about different neurotransmitters in "specifically modal" and "non-specific" pathways to the neocortex during learning.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center