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Zh Vyssh Nerv Deiat Im I P Pavlova. 2000 May-Jun;50(3):372-87.

[Mechanisms of modification of excitatory and inhibitory inputs in various neurons of olivary-cerebellar network].

[Article in Russian]

Author information

1
Institute of Higher Nervous Activity and Neurophysiology, Russian Academy of Sciences, Moscow.

Abstract

It is known from the experimental data that at different cerebellar neurons there are voltage-dependent Ca2+ channels, NMDA receptors, metabotropic glutamate and GABAB receptors. This receptor arrangement ensures that activation of excitatory and inhibitory input results in changes in activity of protein kinases and phosphatases and subsequent modification of synaptic efficacy. The mechanism of synaptic plasticity is advanced that in accordance with the known experimental data concerning the modification of excitatory and inhibitory inputs to Purkinje cells, granule cells, and deep cerebellar nuclei cells. The mechanism is based on a postulate that phosphorylation/dephosphorylation of AMPA (GABAA) receptors on cerebellar cells causes the LTP/LTD of excitatory (LTD/LTP of inhibitory) transmission. It is assumed that modification rules for Purkinje cells, granule cells, and deep cerebellar nuclei cells, wherein cGMP-dependent protein kinase G is involved in synaptic plasticity, are distinct from those of hippocampal/neocortical cells, wherein cAMP-dependent protein kinase A is involved in synaptic plasticity, since cGMP (cAMP) concentration decreases (increases) with Ca2+ rise.

PMID:
10923375
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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