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FEBS Lett. 2000 Jul 28;478(1-2):159-65.

Lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors of the EDG family are differentially activated by LPA species. Structure-activity relationship of cloned LPA receptors.

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Graduate School of Pharmaceutical Sciences, The University of Tokyo, 7-3-1 Hongo, Bunkyo-ku, Tokyo 113-0033, Japan.


We examined the structure-activity relationship of cloned lysophosphatidic acid (LPA) receptors (endothelial cell differentiation gene (EDG) 2, EDG4, and EDG7) by measuring [Ca(2+)](i) in Sf9 insect cells expressing each receptor using LPA with various acyl chains bound at either the sn-1 or the sn-2 position of the glycerol backbone. For EDG7 the highest reactivity was observed with LPA with Delta9-unsaturated fatty acid (oleic (18:1), linoleic (18:2), and linolenic (18:3)) at sn-2 followed by 2-palmitoleoyl (16:1) and 2-arachidonoyl (20:4) LPA. In contrast, EDG2 and EDG4 showed broad ligand specificities, although EDG2 and EDG4 discriminated between 14:0 (myristoyl) and 16:0 (palmitoyl), and 12:0 (lauroyl) and 14:0 LPAs, respectively. EDG7 recognizes the cis double bond at the Delta9 position of octadecanoyl residues, since 2-elaidoyl (18:1, trans) and 2-petroselinoyl (18:1, cis-Delta12) LPA were poor ligands for EDG7. In conclusion, the present study demonstrates that each LPA receptor can be activated differentially by the LPA species.

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