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Biophys J. 2000 Aug;79(2):828-40.

Evidence for a role of the lumenal M3-M4 loop in skeletal muscle Ca(2+) release channel (ryanodine receptor) activity and conductance.

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Departments of Biochemistry and Biophysics, and Molecular and Cellular Physiology, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill, North Carolina 27599-7260, USA.


We tested the hypothesis that part of the lumenal amino acid segment between the two most C-terminal membrane segments of the skeletal muscle ryanodine receptor (RyR1) is important for channel activity and conductance. Eleven mutants were generated and expressed in HEK293 cells focusing on amino acid residue I4897 homologous to the selectivity filter of K(+) channels and six other residues in the M3-M4 lumenal loop. Mutations of amino acids not absolutely conserved in RyRs and IP(3)Rs (D4903A and D4907A) showed cellular Ca(2+) release in response to caffeine, Ca(2+)-dependent [(3)H]ryanodine binding, and single-channel K(+) and Ca(2+) conductances not significantly different from wild-type RyR1. Mutants with an I4897 to A, L, or V or D4917 to A substitution showed a decreased single-channel conductance, loss of high-affinity [(3)H]ryanodine binding and regulation by Ca(2+), and an altered caffeine-induced Ca(2+) release in intact cells. Mutant channels with amino acid residue substitutions that are identical in the RyR and IP(3)R families (D4899A, D4899R, and R4913E) exhibited a decreased K(+) conductance and showed a loss of high-affinity [(3)H]ryanodine binding and loss of single-channel pharmacology but maintained their response to caffeine in a cellular assay. Two mutations (G4894A and D4899N) were able to maintain pharmacological regulation both in intact cells and in vitro but had lower single-channel K(+) and Ca(2+) conductances than the wild-type channel. The results support the hypothesis that amino acid residues in the lumenal loop region between the two most C-terminal membrane segments constitute a part of the ion-conducting pore of RyR1.

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