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Fungal Genet Biol. 2000 Mar;29(2):72-80.

A genetic mosaic in the fruiting stage of Armillaria gallica.

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Biology Department, Stonehill College, Easton, Massachusetts 02357, USA.


The basidiome stage of Armillaria gallica can be a genetic mosaic. Ten cells isolated from a single basidiome in 1986 produced nine different genotypes when analyzed for variation at six nuclear loci. Four additional basidiomes collected in 1986 produced mosaic patterns when analyzed for variation at a single nuclear (PCR-RFLP) locus. One basidiome collected in 1993 was not a genetic mosaic because 15 cells isolated from it produced only one genotype when analyzed for six nuclear loci. Two hundred seventy-four samples collected in the field between 1981 and 1998 were analyzed for variation at the PCR-RFLP locus. Samples collected prior to 1988 produced patterns consistent with the existence of mosaicism, but samples collected after 1988 showed no evidence of mosaicism. Genetic mosaicism represents a novel mechanism for partitioning genotypes among the cells of a basidiomycete and has interesting implications for the biology of A. gallica.

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