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Med Clin (Barc). 2000 May 20;114(19):721-5.

[Factors associated with changes in microalbuminuria during antihypertensive treatment].

[Article in Spanish]

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Servicio de Medicina Interna, Hospital de Sagunto.



The objective of the present study was to analyze the factors related with changes of microalbuminuria during antihypertensive treatment in patients with essential hypertension.


One hundred and six patients (57 men, mean age 40.8 [SD 6.6] years) never treated with antihypertensive treatment were included. At the beginning and after one year, blood pressure biochemical profile and urinary albumin excretion (UAE) were measured. After the initial evaluation, 53 patients received angiotensin converting enzyme inhibitors (ACEi) and 53 beta-blockers (BB). Hydrochlorothiazide was added to achieve the blood pressure target < 140/90 mmHg.


The average of UAE was 32.1 (43.1) mg/24 h, and 41 (39%) patients had microalbuminuretics. After 12 months of treatment, a significative fall of systolic BP (-20.6 [8.03] mmHg, p < 0.001), and diastolic BP (-14.18 [10.34] mmHg, p < 0.001) were observed, whereas baseline glucose increases (3.08 [11.07] mg/dl, p = 0.006). The changes of UAE were only related with the baseline UAE values. Neither, age, sex, baseline diastolic BP and changes in diastolic BP were significantly related with the changes in UAE. In spite of similar mean BP reduction (medial BP 17.4 [10.9] vs 14.8 [10.4] mmHg), UAE only was reduced in patients treated with ACEi (LogUAE: 0.203 [0.872] mg/24 h; p < 0.04). In addition, in patients treated with BB a significative increase in baseline glucose (4.4 [12.3] mg/dl; p = 0.013) and uric acid (1.18 [4.18]; p = 0.031) were observed.


In patients with essential hypertension, changes in microalbuminuria depends of the initial UAE values and the kind of antihypertensive treatment. ACEi produced higher UAE reduction and lower derangement of the glucose metabolism than BB.

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