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Hepatogastroenterology. 2000 May-Jun;47(33):631-5.

Detection of perfusion areas of the gallbladder vein on computed tomography during arterial portography (CTAP)--the background for dual S4a.S5 hepatic subsegmentectomy in advanced gallbladder carcinoma.

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First Department of Surgery, Tohoku University School of Medicine, Miyagi, Japan.



It has been speculated that the veins of the gallbladder join the intrahepatic portal veins supplying the Couinaud's S4a-S5. This has been the theoretical ground for the resection of these 2 hepatic subsegments in advanced gallbladder carcinoma. However, no consensus has been reached on this concept.


The current study describes the non-neoplastic perfusion defects in connection with the gallbladder bed in 100 consecutive hepatic CTAP (computed tomographies during arterial portography). The suitability of S4a and S5 subsegmentectomies of the liver for advanced gallbladder carcinoma was also investigated by examining CTAP images of the branches of the portal vein involved in the perfusion defect.


Two types of gallbladder venous perfusion were observed: 1) sphenoid distribution from the gallbladder bed into the P4a (37%), P5 (52%) and P6 (3%), and 2) perfusion into the P4 (9%) or directly into the middle hepatic vein (9%) after communicating with the hepatic hilum at the dorsal side of S4.


These results support liver resection at S4a and S5 as the surgical approach for cases of advanced gallbladder carcinoma.

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