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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2000 Sep;29(1):48-57.

The hD52 (TPD52) gene is a candidate target gene for events resulting in increased 8q21 copy number in human breast carcinoma.

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1
Westmead Institute for Cancer Research, University of Sydney, Westmead Hospital, Westmead, N.S.W., Australia.

Abstract

Chromosome band 8q21 is frequently overrepresented in human cancer, but to date no 8q21 target gene has been proposed. The hD52 (TPD52) gene is of potential significance in breast and other cancers due to its location and expression pattern. Fine mapping of hD52 placed this locus within the peak of the 8q21 amplicon delineated in the SK-BR-3 breast carcinoma cell line, and a positive association between hD52 gene dosage and transcript levels was subsequently demonstrated in four breast carcinoma cell lines, including SK-BR-3. Increased copy number (ICN) was measured using Southern blot analyses in 3/32 human breast carcinomas at hD52, and the related hD54 gene in 20q13.2-q13.3. Subsequent immunohistochemical analysis of hD52 expression in 19 breast carcinomas with varying hD52 gene dosages demonstrated a significant positive association between hD52 dosage and hD52 expression using a Spearman rank correlation coefficient (r(s) = 0.573, alpha = 0.01) and a Wilcoxon rank-sum test (alpha = 0.05). On the basis of its map location and expression pattern in breast carcinoma, we therefore propose hD52 as a candidate target gene at chromosome band 8q21.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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