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Genes Chromosomes Cancer. 2000 Sep;29(1):9-15.

Isolation of a novel gene on 8p21.3-22 whose expression is reduced significantly in human colorectal cancers with liver metastasis.

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Division of Clinical Genetics, Biomedical Research Center, Osaka University School of Medicine, Osaka, Japan.


Metastasis, a major factor contributing to poor prognosis of cancer patients, is caused by a complex series of events that involve many genes. To investigate this process, we analyzed by differential display three cell lines that had been established from a murine colon adenocarcinoma (colon 26), NL4, NL17, and NL22, each of which possessed a different potential for metastasis in mice. We report here the identification of a novel gene, ream (reduced expression associated with metastasis), which showed significantly lower expression in NL17 and NL22 with a high potential for metastasis than in NL4 without a metastatic potential. The human counterpart of murine ream expressed two sizes of transcript, 4.4 kb and 1.8 kb, both encoding the same 367-amino acid peptide, which appeared to contain four membrane-spanning regions. The cDNA showed no significant homology to any known genes in the public database. Human REAM was found to lie within an 800-kb segment of 8p21.3-22, where we had previously identified a commonly deleted region in colorectal and hepatocellular carcinomas. Its expression was reduced in more than half of the human colorectal cancers we examined, particularly in advanced stages with liver metastasis. Furthermore, we identified somatic mutations of this gene in a colorectal cancer, a hepatocellular carcinoma, and a nonsmall lung cancer among 111 human tumors of various stages examined.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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