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J Nutr. 2000 Aug;130(8):1963-70.

Mass spectrometric determination of Genistein tissue distribution in diet-exposed Sprague-Dawley rats.

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1
Division of Biochemical Toxicology, National Center for Toxicological Research, Jefferson, AR 72079, USA.

Abstract

Genistein, the principal soy isoflavone, was administered in the diet to male and female Sprague-Dawley rats as part of a multigeneration study of potential endocrine modulation. The rats were exposed to genistein in utero, through maternal milk, and as adults through postnatal d 140 via essentially isoflavone-free feed (approximately 0.5 microg/g) fortified at 5, 100 and 500 microg/g with genistein aglycone. Analytical methods based on liquid chromatography, mass spectrometry and the use of deuterated genistein were developed and validated for use in measuring genistein in serum and tissues. Pharmacokinetic analysis of serum genistein showed a significant difference (P < 0.001) in the elimination half-life and area under the concentration-time curve between male [2.97 +/- 0.14 h and 22.3 +/- 1.2 micromol/(L. h), respectively] and female rats [4.26 +/- 0.29 h and 45.6 +/- 3.1 micromol/(L. h), respectively, +/- SEM]. Endocrine-responsive tissues including brain, liver, mammary, ovary, prostate, testis, thyroid and uterus showed significant dose-dependent increases in total genistein concentration. Female liver contained the highest amount of genistein (7.3 pmol/mg tissue) and male whole brain contained the least (0.04 pmol/mg). The physiologically active aglycone form was present in tissues at fractions up to 100%, and the concentration was always greater than that observed in serum in which conjugated forms predominated (95-99%). These results for measured amounts of genistein, present as aglycone and conjugates, in putative target tissues provide a link with other studies in which blood concentrations and physiologic effects of genistein are measured.

PMID:
10917909
DOI:
10.1093/jn/130.8.1963
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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