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Mutat Res. 2000 Jun 30;451(1-2):257-75.

Recombination factors of Saccharomyces cerevisiae.

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Department of Molecular Medicine and Institute of Biotechnology, University of Texas Health Science Center at San Antonio, 15355 Lambda Drive, San Antonio, TX 78245-3207, USA.


The budding yeast Saccharomyces cerevisiae has been an excellent genetic and biochemical model for our understanding of homologous recombination. Central to the process of homologous recombination are the products of the RAD52 epistasis group of genes, whose functions we now know include the nucleolytic processing of DNA double-stand breaks, the ability to conduct a DNA homology search, and the capacity to promote the exchange of genetic information between homologous regions on recombining chromosomes. It is also clear that the basic functions of the RAD52 group of genes have been highly conserved among eukaryotes. Disruption of this important process causes genomic instability, which can result in a number of unsavory consequences, including tumorigenesis and cell death.

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