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Science. 2000 Jul 28;289(5479):604-6.

Full three-dimensional photonic bandgap crystals at near-infrared wavelengths

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  • 1Department of Electronic Science and Engineering, Kyoto University, Yoshida-honmachi, Sakyo-ku, Kyoto 606-8501, Japan. Electrotechnical Laboratory, Agency of Industrial Science and Technology (AIST), Ministry of International Trade and Industry (


An artificial crystal structure has been fabricated exhibiting a full three-dimensional photonic bandgap effect at optical communication wavelengths. The photonic crystal was constructed by stacking 0.7-micrometer period semiconductor stripes with the accuracy of 30 nanometers by advanced wafer-fusion technique. A bandgap effect of more than 40 decibels (which corresponds to 99.99% reflection) was successfully achieved. The result encourages us to create an ultra-small optical integrated circuit including a three-dimensional photonic crystal waveguide with a sharp bend.

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