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J Infect Dis. 2000 Aug;182(2):420-7. Epub 2000 Jul 13.

Correlation between human immunodeficiency virus genotypic resistance and virologic response in patients receiving nelfinavir monotherapy or nelfinavir with lamivudine and zidovudine.

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Agouron Pharmaceuticals, Inc., San Diego, California, 92121, USA.


The relationship between detectable human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) genotypic resistance and virologic response was compared in patients receiving nelfinavir as monotherapy (16 weeks) or in combination with lamuvidine and zidovudine (48 weeks). Two patient groups were defined on the basis of the presence or absence of substitutions associated with nelfinavir, a protease (PR) inhibitor, and/or a reverse transcriptase (RT) inhibitor. HIV RNA levels <50 copies/mL were achieved in 17 (85%) of 20 combination-therapy patients without genotypic resistance (PR-RT(-)) versus only 1 (17%) of 6 patients with genotypic resistance (PR-RT(+)). PR-RT(-) patients exhibited greater and more durable virus suppression compared with PR-RT(+) patients. All 6 PR-RT(+) patients had virus with M184V (lamuvidine resistance); 3 isolates also contained D30N (nelfinavir resistance). M184V preceded D30N in all determinable instances. In this study, suppression of HIV replication to <50 copies/mL was associated with durable response and reduced incidence of resistance. Results also indicate that combination regimens can fail despite the absence of detectable genotypic PR resistance.

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