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Hear Res. 2000 Aug;146(1-2):134-42.

Differential protective effects of neurotrophins in the attenuation of noise-induced hair cell loss.

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Kresge Hearing Research Institute, University of Michigan, 1301 East Ann St., Ann Arbor, MI 48109-0506, USA.


The protective efficacy of neurotrophin-3 (NT-3) and brain-derived neurotrophic factor (BDNF) at 1 or 10 microg/ml was assessed in guinea pigs exposed to 4 kHz octave band noise at 115 dB SPL for 5 h. BDNF, NT-3 or artificial perilymph was delivered to the scala tympani via a mini-osmotic pump, beginning 4 days prior to noise exposure and continuing for 1 week post-exposure. Protection was assessed physiologically by the change in auditory brainstem response (ABR) threshold, and histologically by outer hair cell (OHC) survival. There was a statistically significant increase in OHC survival and a decrease in ABR threshold shift in animals receiving NT-3 at a concentration of 10 microg/ml. In animals receiving 1 microg/ml NT-3, there was a significant increase in OHC survival in the first row of OHC, but no significant change in ABR threshold, relative to control animals. In animals treated with BDNF, no significant functional or histological protection was observed. The protection afforded by NT-3 (10 microg/ml) treatment was similar in magnitude to that reported previously with glial cell line-derived neurotrophic factor and suggests that several factors may be involved in the protective response.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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