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Biochemistry. 2000 Jul 25;39(29):8426-38.

Stopped-flow fluorescence studies of HMG-domain protein binding to cisplatin-modified DNA.

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Department of Chemistry, Massachusetts Institute of Technology, Cambridge 02139, USA.


High-mobility group (HMG) domain proteins bind specifically to the major DNA adducts formed by the anticancer drug cisplatin and can modulate the biological response to this inorganic compound. Stopped-flow fluorescence studies were performed to investigate the kinetics of formation and dissociation of complexes between HMG-domain proteins and a series of 16-mer oligonucleotide probes containing both a 1,2-intrastrand d(GpG) cisplatin cross-link and a fluorescein-modified deoxyuridine residue. Rate constants, activation parameters, and dissociation constants were determined for complexes formed by HMG1 domain A and the platinated DNA probes. The sequence context of the cisplatin adduct modulates the value of the associative rate constant for HMG1 domain A by a factor of 2-4, contributing significantly to differences in binding affinity. The rates of association or dissociation of the protein-DNA complex were similar for a 71 bp platinated DNA analogue. Additional kinetic studies performed with HMG1 domain B, an F37A domain A mutant, and the full-length HMG1 protein highlight differences in the binding properties of the HMG domains. The stopped-flow studies demonstrate the utility of the fluorescein-dU probe in studying protein-DNA complexes. The kinetic data will assist in determining what role these proteins might play in the cisplatin mechanism of action.

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