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Mol Cell Biol. 2000 Aug;20(16):5947-59.

A U-rich element in the 5' untranslated region is necessary for the translation of p27 mRNA.

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Graduate Program in Cell Biology and Genetics, Weill Graduate School of Medical Sciences, Cornell University, New York, New York 10021, USA.


Increased translation of p27 mRNA correlates with withdrawal of cells from the cell cycle. This raised the possibility that antimitogenic signals might mediate their effects on p27 expression by altering complexes that formed on p27 mRNA, regulating its translation. In this report, we identify a U-rich sequence in the 5' untranslated region (5'UTR) of p27 mRNA that is necessary for efficient translation in proliferating and nonproliferating cells. We show that a number of factors bind to the 5'UTR in vitro in a manner dependent on the U-rich element, and their availability in the cytosol is controlled in a growth- and cell cycle-dependent fashion. One of these factors is HuR, a protein previously implicated in mRNA stability, transport, and translation. Another is hnRNP C1 and C2, proteins implicated in mRNA processing and the translation of a specific subset of mRNAs expressed in differentiated cells. In lovastatin-treated MDA468 cells, the mobility of the associated hnRNP C1 and C2 proteins changed, and this correlated with increased p27 expression. Together, these data suggest that the U-rich dependent RNP complex on the 5'UTR may regulate the translation of p27 mRNA and may be a target of antimitogenic signals.

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