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Am J Physiol Cell Physiol. 2000 Aug;279(2):C495-503.

Hypertrophic effect of selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor stimulation on ventricular cardiomyocytes from adult rat.

Author information

1
Physiologisches Institut, Justus-Liebig-Universität, Giessen, Germany.

Abstract

We investigated whether selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor stimulation causes hypertrophic growth on isolated ventricular cardiomyocytes from adult rat. As parameters for the induction of hypertrophic growth, the increases of [(14)C]phenylalanine incorporation, protein and RNA mass, and cell size were determined. Isoproterenol (Iso, 10 microM) alone had no growth effect. In the presence of the beta(2)-adrenoceptor antagonist ICI-118551 (ICI, 10 microM), Iso caused an increase in [(14)C]phenylalanine incorporation, protein and RNA mass, cell volume, and cross-sectional area. We showed for phenylalanine incorporation that the growth effect of Iso+ICI could be antagonized by beta(1)-adrenoceptor blockade with atenolol (10 microM) or metoprolol (10 microM), indicating that it was caused by selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor stimulation. The growth response to Iso+ICI was accompanied by an increase in ornithine decarboxylase (ODC) activity and expression. Inhibition of ODC by the ODC antagonist difluoromethylornithine (1 mM) attenuated this hypertrophic response, indicating that ODC induction is causally involved. The growth response to Iso+ICI was found to be cAMP independent but was sensitive to genistein (100 microM) or rapamycin (0.1 microM). The reaction was enhanced in the presence of pertussis toxin (10 microM). We conclude that selective beta(1)-adrenoceptor stimulation causes hypertrophic growth of ventricular cardiomyocytes by a mechanism that is independent of cAMP but dependent on a tyrosine kinase and ODC.

PMID:
10913016
DOI:
10.1152/ajpcell.2000.279.2.C495
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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